Gossart, Jan

(Mabuse; c. 1478-1532)
   Flemish painter from Maubeuge. Gossart may have trained in Antwerp where he is documented in 1503, the year he became an independent master. In 1507, he entered in the service of Philip of Burgundy in Walcheren, near Middleburg. In the following year, he went with Philip on a mission to the Vatican and, in 1517, to Utrecht where Philip was appointed bishop. While in Rome, Gossart sketched the ancient ruins and learned the Italian mode of painting, which was to have an immense impact on his art. This made him the first artist in Flanders to construct his images through the use of one-point linear perspective and to base his figures on ancient statuary and anatomical study. Gossart's St. Luke Painting the Virgin (c. 1515; Prague, National Gallery) for the Church of St. Ronbout at Malines shows the protagonists in a fantasy architecture that is visibly classical in form, as are the reliefs and statuary decorating the backdrop. The heavy contrasts of light and dark and crisp outlines are part of the Italian vocabulary, even though the treatment of drapery still retains its Flemish flavor. Gossart's Neptune andAmphitrite (1516; Berlin, Staatliche Museen) is part of a mythological series he and the Italian Jacopo de' Barbari painted for Philip's castle of Suytborg. It represents the first classicized, idealized depiction of nudes in Flemish history. The work betrays the influence not only of Greco-Roman statuary but also of Albrecht Dürer and Philip's court sculptor, Conrad Meit, both influenced by Italian art and interested in the depiction of the sensuous nude form. Gossart's Danaë (1527; Munich, Alte Pinakothek) is a seminude figure occupying an apsidal loggia, the shower of gold falling upon her as she watches in amazement.
   Gossart was also an accomplished portraitist. His portrait Baudouin de Bourgogne (c. 1525; Berlin, Staatliche Museen) shows the same clarity and plays of light and dark found in Italian portraits of the same period. The figure is set against a dark, undefined background, his form casting a shadow behind. His monumentality, coupled with the details of the costume and richness of textures, speak of the man's high social position. After Philip's death in 1524, Gossart entered in the service of Adolph of Burgundy. He died in 1532 in Middleburg where he had become a member of the city's religious brotherhood in 1509, and where he returned in the last years of his life to set up his own workshop. Gossart was a pioneer of Flemish art. The first to introduce the Italianate style to Flanders, he inaugurated the custom among Flemish masters to travel to Italy and learn from the art the region had to offer.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Gossart, Jan — or Jan Gossaert or Jan Mabuse born с 1478, Maubeuge?, France died Oct. 1, 1532, Antwerp? Flemish painter. After a stay in Italy (1508–09), Gossart turned from the ornate style of the Antwerp school to the High Renaissance style. Neptune and… …   Universalium

  • Gossart, Jan — o Jan Gossaert o Jan Mabuse (1478, ¿Maubeuge?, Francia–1 oct. 1532, ¿Amberes?). Pintor flamenco. Tras una estadía en Italia (1508–09), Gossart cambió su estilo ornamentado de la escuela de Amberes por el estilo del Alto Renacimiento. Neptuno y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gossart, Jan — (c1478 10/1/1532) (Netherlands);    aka Hennegouwe, Jennyn van / Mabuse, Jan / Malbodius, Joannes    Painter, engraver, etcher, and woodcut print maker. Important Northern Renaissance artist, who like many of his contemporaries depicted the loves …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Jan — /jan/; for 1 also Du., Ger. /yahn/, n. 1. a male given name, form of John. 2. a female given name, form of Janet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brueghel Jan the Elder Jan Amos Komenský Dussek Jan Ladislav Eyck Jan van Gossart Jan Jan Mabuse Jan… …   Universalium

  • Jan — m. Adaptación del nombre «khan», defendida como la más conforme a la pronunciación de esta palabra en su lengua original. ⇒ Can, kan, Khan. * * * jan. m. Cuba. Vara de madera dura, rematada en una punta de hierro, que se emplea para ahoyar en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gossart — Gossaert ou Gossart (Jan, dit Mabuse) (v. 1478 v. 1535) peintre flamand …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jan Gossaert —     Jan Gossaert     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jan Gossaert     Called MABUSE from Maubeuge in Hainaut.     Flemish painter; b. about 1472; d. at Middelburg about 1533. Nothing is known of him till after the age of thirty. In 1508 he went to Rome …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jan van Eyck — L Homme au turban, 1433 Autoportrait présumé de Jan van Eyck Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Mertens the Younger — was a South Netherlandish painter. He was born in Antwerp about and died in the same city about 1527. His father was the sculptor Jan Mertens the Elder, whose family is thought to have originated in Tournai. Mertens the Younger was apprenticed to …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Mabuse — Selbstportrait des Jan Mabuse, um 1515 Jan Mabuse (* um 1478; † 1. Oktober 1532 in Antwerpen) ist ein Künstlername des niederländischen Malers Jenni Gosart, auch Jan Gossaert und Jennyn van Hennegouwe (Hennegau), den er sich nach seinem Heimatort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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